Christmas, December 25th , commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ, the most important figure in Christianity.
For Christians, this is one of the main commemorative dates, next to Easter, when Jesus’ resurrection is celebrated.
Christmas Day is a religious holiday in many places of the world. The so-called Christmas cycle is celebrated for twelve days, which range from 25 December until 6 January.
This period is related to the time it took the three wise men, Baltazar, Gaspar and Melchior, to reach Bethlehem, the city where Jesus was born.
Christmas originated in pagan festivals that were held in antiquity. On this date, the Romans celebrated the arrival of winter (winter solstice). They worshiped the Sun God ( natalis invicti Solis ), and still held days of festivities for the purpose of renewal.
Other peoples of antiquity also celebrated the date, either by the arrival of winter or the passage of time.
Such is the case of the Mesopotamians, who celebrated the “Zagmuk”, a pagan festival in which a man was chosen to be sacrificed. That’s because they believed that at the end of the year some monsters would wake up.
From the fourth century, and with the consolidation of Christianity, the festival was made official as Natale Domini (Christmas of the Lord). Since the day Jesus was born is not known for certain, this was a way of Christianizing the Roman pagan feasts, giving them a new symbolism.
Later, mounting the crib increasingly became a strong tradition and began to be assembled in homes, churches and various places during the Christmas cycle.
The crib symbolizes the union of the divine with the earth, after all it brings together people, animals and the figure of God.
Still in the religious field, the beautiful angels used in Christmas decoration refer to Saint Gabriel, the angel who announced that she would be the mother of Jesus.
The three wise men are the wise men who went looking for Jesus to worship him and bring him gifts. Here is another religious factor alongside the custom of giving gifts at Christmas, which increases the furor of commerce at this time of year.
And the stars on the tops of the Christmas trees are precisely the sign followed by the wise men to find the place where Jesus was born.
Christmas tree: what does it have to do with the birth of Jesus?
The Christmas tree is one of the most emblematic symbols of the party. Not everyone rides the crib, but the tree, a lot of people have.
The tradition of mounting it, in a religious proposal, is more recent. It was Martin Luther, the chief figure of the Protestant Reformation, who set up the first tree at home.
Before Luther, people already used decked trees to celebrate the arrival of winter. This is precisely why it is not just any tree, but a pine tree, because this tree is the one that most resists the harsh winters. She is therefore a symbol of hope and peace, just as Jesus is to Christians.
Mounted near the festive date, the tree is dismantled on Kings Day on January 6th.
If the tree is the most emblematic symbol, Santa Claus is the most important character of the party.
The figure of Santa Claus is inspired by a Turkish bishop named St. Nicholas. He used to leave coins near the chimneys of the most needy people. This is why it represents the generosity that ends up invading the hearts in the Christmas season.
Over time, and through advertising campaigns, St. Nicholas became popular and gave way to what we know today about Santa Claus, who instead of coins leaves gifts to children who perform well throughout the year.
And finally, let’s go to supper!
Its origin comes from Europe, where people used to leave the door of their homes open to receive travelers.
It symbolizes the unity and fraternization of families. So on Christmas Eve, family members gather at the table for the traditional Christmas dinner.